Sire Evaluation Based on First Lactation Production Efficiency Traits in Murrah Buffaloes


  • D. Chakraborty Animal Genetics and Breeding, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu (SKUAST-Jammu), R.S.Pura, Jammu- 181102, India
  • S.S. Dhaka Animal Genetics and Breeding, College of Animal Sciences, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (LUVAS), Hisar- 125 004, Haryana, India



Estimated breeding values, persistency, first lactation milk yield, first lactation peak yield, Murrah buffaloes.


The present investigation was undertaken on data of Murrah buffaloes from Buffalo Research Centre (BRC), Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar distributed over 20 years (1987 to 2006). The sire effects and ranks of 38 sires were estimated on the basis of their daughters’ performance. The progeny group size of the sires ranged from 3 to 17. The sires were evaluated for the different first lactation production efficiency traits, viz. first lactation milk yield (FLMY), first lactation peak yield (FPY), persistency of first lactation milk yield (P), average yield per day of lactation (MY/FLL), milk yield per day of first calving interval (MCI) and milk yield per day of age at second calving (MSC). Sire's breeding values were estimated by the best linear unbiased procedure (BLUP). The estimated breeding values (EBV) for FLMY, FPY, P, MY/FLL, MCI and MSC ranged from –288.42 to 362.20 kg; -1.44 to 4.36 kg; -14.72 to 21.09; –0.44 to 0.63 kg/day; -0.40 to 0.52 kg and -0.09 to 0.16 kg, respectively. FLMY had high and significant product-moment and rank correlations with all other traits. The highest product-moment and rank correlations were obtained between FLMY and MSC to the tune of 0.863±0.043 and 0.835±0.050, respectively. The results indicated that sire coding 33 was the best and can be used for future breeding purpose.


Anonymous. 19th Livestock Census. Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Govt. of India, New Delhi. 2012.

Chakraborty, D, Dhaka SS, Pander BL, Yadav AS. Genetic studies on production efficiency traits in Murrah buffaloes. Indian J Anim Sci 2010; 80(9): 898-901.

Henderson CR. Sire evaluation and genetic trends. Proceedings of the animal breeding and genetics symposium in Honor of Dr. Jay L. Lush, ASAS and ADSA, Champaign, Illinois 1973; pp. 10-41. DOI:

Snedecor GW, Cochran WG. Statistical methods. 8th Ed. Iowa State University Press, Ames, USA 1994.

Kuralkar SV. Relationship among early performance, lifetime production and reproduction traits in Murrah buffaloes. Ph.D. thesis, Indian Veterinary Research Institute (Deemed University), Izatnagar, India 1996.

Dhaka SS, Chaudhary SR, Raheja KL, Yadav AS, Pander BL. Accuracy of different methods of sire evaluation for production efficiency trait in Sahiwal cattle. Indian J Anim Sci 2004; 74(3): 296-8.

Geetha E, Chakravarty AK. Random regression test day model for estimation of breeding values for persistency of first lactation milk yield in Murrah buffaloes. Indian J Dairy Sci 2006; 59: 95-9.

Dash SK, Gupta AK, Singh A, Chakravarty AK, Madhusoodanan M, Valsalan J, Shivahre PR, Hussain A. Evaluation of efficiency of sire model and animal model in Holstein Friesian crossbred cattle considering first lactation production and fertility traits. Veterinary World 2014; 7: 933-7. DOI:

Kamaldeep, Yadav AS, Dhaka SS, Magotra A, Malik A, Jakhar V. Efficiency of sire evaluation methods to improve milk yield of Murrah buffaloes. Haryana Vet 2016; 55(1): 1-5.

Gaur GK. Estimated breeding values of Frieswal bulls for the performance traits. Indian J Anim Sci 2003; 73: 79-82.




How to Cite

Chakraborty, D. ., & Dhaka, S. . (2020). Sire Evaluation Based on First Lactation Production Efficiency Traits in Murrah Buffaloes. Journal of Buffalo Science, 9, 71–75.




Most read articles by the same author(s)