Feeding Sensitivity at 3-Months Predicts Parental Feeding Style at 3-Years
Keywords:Feeding style, parenting style, responsive feeding, authoritative parenting, BMI.
bjective: To examine the association between maternal responsive feeding in infancy and later parental feeding style in childhood, with a secondary aim of linking parenting style to child weight status
Design: Short-term, longitudinal study
Subjects: 65 mother-infant pairs, followed from 3-months to 3-years
Methods: Mother-child dyads were seen at enrollment, observed at home when the infant was 3-months-old, and at home again when the infant turned 2-years of age. When the child reached 3-years, mothers self-reported their feeding style.
Results: Responsive maternal feeding at 3-months predicted an authoritative feeding style at 3-years, and the authoritative feeding style was associated with a healthier weight status.
Conclusion: Responsive feeding in infancy may serve as the foundation for responsive feeding in childhood and may serve to help in reducing obesity risk
 Ebbeling CB, Pawlak DB, Ludwig DS. Childhood obesity: public-health crisis, common sense cure. The Lancet 2002; 360: 473-482.
 Worobey J. Risk factors for obesity in human infancy. In Davies D, Fitzgerald H, editors. Obesity in America: Childhood to adolescence. Westport, CT: Praeger Press 2018; in press.
 Silventoinen K, Rokholm B, Kaprio J, Sorensen, TI. The genetic and environmental influences on childhood obesity. A systematic review of twin and adoption studies. Intl J Obesity 2010; 34: 29-40.
 Baughcum AE, Powers SW, Johnson SB, Chamberlin LA, Deeks CM, Jain A, Whitaker RC. Maternal feeding practices and beliefs and their relationships to overweight in early childhood. J Dev & Beh Peds 2007; 22: 391-408.
 Birch LL, Fisher JO, Grimm-Thomas K, Markey CN, Sawyer R, Johnson SL. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Child Feeding Questionnaire: a measure of parental attitudes, beliefs and practices about child feeding and obesity proneness. Appetite 2001; 36: 201-210.
 Faith MS, Storey M, Kral TVE, Pietrobelli A. The Feeding Demands Questionnaire: Assessment of parental demand cognitions concerning parent?child feeding relations. J Am Diet Assoc 2008; 108: 624-630.
 Hughes SO, Power TG, Fisher JO, Mueller S, Nicklas TA. Revisiting a neglected construct: parenting styles in a child-feeding context. Appetite 2005; 44; 83-92.
 Musher-Eizenman D, Holub S. Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire: Validation of a new measure of parental feeding practices. J Ped Psychol 2007; 32: 960-972.
 Faith MS, Scanlon KS, Birch LL, Francis LA, Sherry, B. Parent?child feeding strategies and their relationships to child eating and weight status. Obesity 2004; 12: 1711-1722.
 Vollmer RL, Mobley AR. Parenting styles, feeding styles, and their influence on child obesogenic behaviors and body weight. A review. Appetite 2013; 71: 232-241.
 Hubbs-Tait L, Kennedy TS, Page MC, Topham GL, Harrist AW. Parental feeding practices predict authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive parenting styles. J Am Diet Assoc 2008; 108: 1154-1161.
 Darling N, Steinberg L. Parenting style as context: An integrative model. Psych Bulletin 1993; 113: 487-496.
 Maccoby EE, Martin JA. Socialization in the context of the family. In Mussen PH, series editor, Hetherington EM, volume editor. Handbook of child psychology (vol. 4): Socialization, personality, and social development. 4th ed. New York: Wiley 1983; pp. 1-101.
 Baumrind D. Effects of authoritative parental control on child behavior. Child Dev 1966; 37: 887-907.
 Black MM, Aboud FE. Responsive feeding is embedded in a theoretical framework of responsive parenting. J Nutr 2011; 141: 490-494.
 Hurley KM, Cross MB, Hughes SO. A systematic review of responsive feeding and child obesity in high-income countries. J Nutr 2011; 141: 495-501.
 Thompson AL, Mendez MA, Borja JB, Adair LS, Zimmer CR, Bentley ME. Development and validation of the Infant Feeding Style Questionnaire. Appetite 2009; 53: 210-221.
 Worobey J. Observational scales of mother-infant feeding: A catalog and review. In Worobey J, editor. Infant feeding: Parental perceptions, behaviors, and health effects. New York: Nova Biomedical 2016; pp. 197-213.
 Women, Infants, and Children. United States Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service 2018. [cited 2018 Aug 28] Available from: https://www.fns.usda.gov/wic/ women-infants-and-children-wic
 Sumner G, Spietz A. NCAST Caregiver/Parent Interaction Feeding Manual. Seattle: NCAST Publications 1995.
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. BMI percentile calculator for child and teen 2018. [cited 2018 Aug 28] Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/bmi/ calculator.html
 Olvera N, Power TG. Parenting styles and obesity in Mexican American children: A longitudinal study. J Ped Psych 2010; 35: 243-249.
 Rhee KE, Lumeng JC, Appugliese DP, Kaciroti N, Bradley RH. Parenting styles and overweight status in first grade. Pediatrics 2006; 117: 2047-2054.
 Wake M, Nicholson JM, Hardy P, Smith K. Preschooler obesity and parenting styles of mothers and fathers. Australian national population study. Pediatrics 2007; 120: e1520-e1527.
 Fuemmeler BF, Yang C, Costanzo P, Hoyle RH, Siegler IC, Williams RB, Ostbye T. Parenting styles and body mass index trajectories from adolescence to adulthood. Health Psych 2012; 31: 441-449.
 Rodenburg G, Oenema A, Kremers SPJ, van de Mheen D. Parental and child fruit consumption in the context of general parenting, parental education and ethnic background. Appetite 2012; 58: 364-372.
 Hennessy E, Hughes SO, Goldberg JP, Hyatt RR, Economos CD. Permissive parental feeding behavior is associated with an increase in intake of low-nutrient-dense foods among American children living in rural communities. J Academy Nutr Diet 2012; 112: 142-148.
 Dallaire DH, Weinraub M. The stability of parenting behaviors over the first 6 years of life. Early Childhood Res Quarterly 2005; 20: 201-219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2005.04.008
Policy for Journals/Articles with Open Access
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post links to their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work
Policy for Journals / Manuscript with Paid Access
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Publisher retain copyright .
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post links to their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work .