Drug Use among a Sample of Federal Drug Crime Defendants: Implications for the Gateway Effect Hypothesis


  • John David Reitzel California State University San Bernardino, USA
  • Sarah Huggins Scarbrough Richmond City Sheriff's Office, USA




Marijuana, Gateway Effect Hypothesis, Federal Drug Crime Defendants, Hard Drug Use, Regular Drug Use


This study investigated the association between marijuana first before other drugs and alcohol and later hard drug among a convenience sample of federal drug crime defendants from one federal court in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Results from two binomial logistic regression models revealed statistically significant associations between first use of marijuana and regular drug use and hard drug use, respectively. Findings suggests a gateway effect for marijuana within this sample.


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How to Cite

David Reitzel, J., & Scarbrough, S. H. (2017). Drug Use among a Sample of Federal Drug Crime Defendants: Implications for the Gateway Effect Hypothesis. International Journal of Criminology and Sociology, 6, 133–145. https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-4409.2017.06.14