Professional Self-Realization as a Factor in the Psychological Well-Being of Specialists of Caring Professions

Authors

  • Olena D. Glavinska Department of Psychology and Naturel Sciences, Rivne State University of the Humanitarians, Rivne,
  • Irina M. Ovdiyenko Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, Faculty of Pedagogy and Psychology, National Pedagogical Dragomanov University, Kyiv,
  • Oleksandra V. Brukhovetska Department of Psychology and Personal Development, Educational and Scientific Institute of Management and Psychology, State Institution of Higher Education “University of Educational Management”, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Tetiana V. Chausova Department of Psychology and Personal Development, Educational and Scientific Institute of Management and Psychology, State Institution of Higher Education “University of Educational Management”, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Maryna S. V. Didenko Department of Psychology and Personal Development, Educational and Scientific Institute of Management and Psychology, State Institution of Higher Education “University of Educational Management”, Kyiv, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.6000/2292-2598.2020.08.03.32

Keywords:

Psychological well-being, professional self-fulfilment, self-realization, burnout, work-life balance, workplace well-being.

Abstract

Research Objective: the article discusses the mutual influence of professional self-realization and the psychological well-being of specialists of caring professions. Methodology: correlation and comparative analysis in different professional groups of specialists. The study involved 465 volunteers with work experience of 3 to 40 years: teachers, doctors, medical personnel, psychologists of state and private enterprises. Several standardized self-reports were used to collect data: Ryffâ's Scales of Psychological Well-being, Professional Burnout Questionnaire, Kokun's Professional Self-Fulfilment Questionnaire, Gura's Workplace Satisfaction Self-assessment Survey, Tkalych's Work-Life Balance additional scale. The use of the open questions allowed clarifying some phenomenological manifestations of professional self-realization among specialists of caring professions, as well as to clarifying the external and internal determinants of self-realization. The authors tested the hypotheses about the influence of several factors on the level of psychological well-being: belonging to a certain professional group, the degree of self-realization, as well as age, gender, and length of service. The results of the study present the structure of well-being and features of self-realization in different professional groups. We proved that professional self-realization is a significant factor in the formation of individual components of psychological well-being: self-acceptance and competence. However, in some cases, high scores for professional self-realization may be associated with burnout and the desire to leave the job. The conclusions contain recommendations on organizational agency and direct psychological interventions that ensure the psychological well-being of specialists of caring professions.

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Published

2020-09-14

Issue

Section

General Articles