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Preparation of Low-Phenylalanine Macro Peptides and Estimation of its Phenylalanine Content by Fluorometric Technique
Pages 145-153
Elevina Pérez, Liz Pérez, Lucrecia Requena, Antonieta Mahfoud, Carmen Luisa Domínguez, Alejandra Rengel, Davdmary Cueto, Romel Guzmán, Pablo Rodríguez, Erika Crespo, Katiuska Araujo and Leny Sua

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6000/1929-5634.2013.02.03.2

Published: 30 September 2013

 


Abstract: The aims of the study were to prepare macro peptides low in phenylalanine (Phe) from non-conventional raw materials, and to demonstrate the feasibility of using the fluorometric technique to measure the diminution of their Phe content. Aqueous solution of flours of legumes, and amaranth panicles were used to elaborate the concentrates by using isoelectric precipitation. These protein concentrates, and a whey solution were incubated with proteolytic enzymes to hydrolyze the peptide link at the aromatic amino acids, and then these macro peptides were filtrated through activated charcoal, in order to reduce its phenylalanine concentration. The Phe concentration, of the each prepared macro peptides, was analyzed by using fluorometric technique, and it was later validated by using HPLC. The crude protein contents in the concentrates have varied from 90% in the protein isolate from lentils, 76% in those from the frijol white, and 44% in those from amaranth panicles. Protein concentrates, and whey were hydrolyzed by using the following enzymes: pepsin from the pig gastric mucosa, protease from Aspergillus oryzae, and protease type XIV from Streptomyces griseus. It was determined that the enzymes with the better hydrolysis capacity, were the proteases from S. griseus and A. oryzae. The macro peptides with non-linked phe were filtered through activated charcoal. Reductions of Phe of up to 99% in the second and third filtrate were observed and this reduction was corroborated by using HPLC technique. It was also established the higher sensitivity of the fluorometric method to detect Phe, than the HPLC technique.

Keywords: :Flours, L-phenylalanine, PKU food, dietary supplementation.
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