Parametric Analysis of Renal Failure Data using the Exponentiated Odd Weibull Distribution
Nonhle Channon Mdziniso and Kahadawala Cooray
Published: 25 June 2018
Abstract: In this article, we analyze renal failure data from patients with mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) which was modeled by  non-parametrically using the Kaplan-Meier curve. In their work, they showed that the clinical variables, large increase serum creatinine (LISC) and systolic blood pressure >160 mmHg (SBP>160), and morphological variables, benign nephrosclerosis present (BNP) and interstitial score group 5-6 (IS5-6) were part of the variables which indicated progression to end-stage renal failure (ESRF). Though survival curves associated with these variables may be difficult to model by existing parametric distributions in literature. Therefore, we introduce a four-parameter Odd Weibull extension, the exponentiated Odd Weibull (EOW) distribution which is very versatile in modeling lifetime data that its hazard function exhibits ten different hazard shapes as well as various density shapes. Basic properties of the EOW distribution are presented. In the presence of random censoring, a small simulation study is conducted to assess the coverage probabilities of the estimated parameters of the EOW distribution using the maximum likelihood method. Our results show that the EOW distribution is very convenient and reliable to analyze the MPGN data since it provides an excellent fit for the variables LISC, SBP>160, BNP, and IS5-6. Furthermore, advantages of using the EOW distribution over the Kaplan-Meier curve are discussed. Comparisons of the EOW distribution with other Weibull-related distributions are also presented.
Keywords: Coverage probability, hazard function, maximum likelihood, random censoring, survival function.