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Journal of Applied Solution Chemistry and ModelingSolution Thermodynamics and Preferential Solvation of Atenolol in {Ethanol (1) + Water (2)} Cosolvent Mixtures - Pages 1-8

Abolghasem Jouyban, William E. Acree, Jr. and Fleming Martínez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6000/1929-5030.2018.07.01

Published: 10 May 2018


AbstractThe solubility of atenolol (ATN) in some {ethanol (1) + water (2)} mixtures expressed in mole fraction at temperatures from 298.2 to 313.2 K was calculated from reported solubility values expressed in molarity scale. The van’t Hoff and Gibbs equations were used to calculate the respective apparent thermodynamic functions: Gibbs energy, enthalpy, and entropy of the dissolution processes. Non-linear enthalpy–entropy relationship was observed for this drug ATN in the plot of enthalpy vs. Gibbs energy of solution with negative slope in the composition region 0.00 £ w1 £ 0.20 but positive slope in the region 0.20 £ w1 £ 0.40. Beyond this composition, the behavior is more complex. Hence, the driving mechanism for ATN dissolution process is the entropy in water-rich mixtures and the enthalpy in mixtures 0.20 £ w1 £ 0.40. Furthermore, the preferential solvation of ATN by both solvents was analyzed by using the inverse Kirkwood-Buff integrals observing that this drug is preferentially solvated by water molecules in water-rich and also in ethanol-rich mixtures but preferentially solvated by ethanol molecules in mixtures 0.24 £ x1 £ 0.51. 

Keyword: Atenolol, (ethanol + water) mixtures, solubility, solution thermodynamics, preferential solvation.

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