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Model Based Sparse Feature Extraction for Biomedical Signal Classification
Pages 10-21
Shengkun Xie and Sridhar Krishnan
Published: 28 February 2017

Abstract: This article focuses on model based sparse feature extraction of biomedical signals for classification problems, which stems from sparse representation in modern signal processing. In the presented work, a novel approach based on sparse principal component analysis (SPCA) is proposed to extract signal features. This method involves partitioning signals and utilizing SPCA to select only a limited number of signal segments in order to construct signal principal components during the training stage. For signal classification purposes, a set of regression models based on sparse principal components of the selected training signal segments is constructed. Within this approach, model residuals are estimated and used as signal features for classification. The applications of the proposed approach are demonstrated by using both the synthetic data and real EEG signals. The high classification accuracy results suggest that the proposed methods may be useful for automatic event detection using long-term observational signals. keywords: Sparse Principal Component Analysis, Sparse Feature Extraction, Signal Classification, Long-term Signals.

Keywords: Sparse Principal Component Analysis, Sparse Representation, Signal Classification, Long-term Signals.

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